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Bursa and Cumalikizik: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Gallery

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Bursa, Turkey - Ottoman Military School / Academy Featured Bursa and Cumalikizik: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Print

Bursa, Turkey - Ottoman Military School / Academy

Bursa, Turkey - Ottoman Military School / Academy. . Fourth largest city and the first Ottoman Capital. Contains the Mausoleum of Osman 'Bey' ('Sultan'/'Chieftain') (1258 - 1356), founder of the Ottoman Empire as well as two world famous Sufi Saints. Historically also known Prussa and later Brussa or Brousse. On the northwestern slopes of Mount Uludag in the south of the Marmara region. Known as Yesil Bursa (Green Bursa), because of many parks and gardens as well as vast forests. The area is rich in archaeology. Date: circa 1910s

© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection

'Portion of direct route between Brusa and Kutahya', c1915 Featured Bursa and Cumalikizik: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Print

'Portion of direct route between Brusa and Kutahya', c1915

'Portion of direct route between Brusa and Kutahya', c1915. '(Note: from Brusa to Osauk Punar & from Devrant to Kutakia is accurately surveyed)'. Map showing the journey of British writer, soldier and diplomatic advisor Mark Sykes between Bursa and Kutahya in Turkey, (at that time part of the Ottoman Empire). Sykes (1879-1919) travelled through Palestine, Iraq, Syria, Persia and Turkey between 1905 and 1913, was honorary attache to the British Embassy in Constantinople 1905-1906, was elected to parliament, worked in the Intelligence department of the War Office during the First World War, and died of the Spanish flu aged 39. From "The Caliphs' Last Heritage, a short history of the Turkish Empire" by Lt.-Col. Sir Mark Sykes. [Macmillan & Co, London, 1915]

© The Print Collector/Heritage Images

Lampas with roundels of the image of Christ in benedictory pose, 1550-1650. Creator: Unknown Featured Bursa and Cumalikizik: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Print

Lampas with roundels of the image of Christ in benedictory pose, 1550-1650. Creator: Unknown

Lampas with roundels of the image of Christ in benedictory pose, 1550-1650. Ottoman manufacturers also wove luxury silks with Christian images for the largest markets outside of the reigning sultans, whose need for luxury fabrics was voracious, targeting the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and the state of Muscovy (Moscow), which lacked silk industries. Worn as majestic church vestments, they were prized signifiers of the power and wealth of the Eastern Orthodox church. Christian imagery is often displayed in small medallion patterns, as seen here, woven in the standard Ottoman lampas technique. In this highest grade lampas with extensive gilt-metal thread, small medallions enclose half-length images of Christ in a benedictory pose alternating with crosses. The abbreviated inscription in the roundel, IC XC, translates as "Jesus Christ," and IC XC N K reads "Jesus Christ Victorious."

© Heritage Art/Heritage Images