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Panoramic view of the Pont du Gard in march at dusk, southern France Featured Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) Print

Panoramic view of the Pont du Gard in march at dusk, southern France

The Pont du Gard is an ancient Roman aqueduct that crosses the Gardon River near the town of Vers-Pont-du-Gard in southern France. The Pont du Gard is the highest of all elevated Roman aqueducts, and, along with the Aqueduct of Segovia, one of the best preserved. It was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1985 because of its historical importance.
The aqueduct bridge is part of the NA?mes aqueduct, a 50-kilometre (31 mi) system built in the first century AD to carry water from a spring at UzA?s to the Roman colony of Nemausus (NA?mes).[4] Because of the uneven terrain between the two points, the mostly underground aqueduct followed a long, winding route that called for a bridge across the gorge of the Gardon River.
The bridge has three tiers of arches, stands 48.8 m (160 ft) high, and descends a mere 2.5 centimetres (1 in) a?? a gradient of only 1 in 18, 241 a?? while the whole aqueduct descends in height by only 12.6 m (41 ft) over its entire length, which is indicative of the great precision that Roman engineers were able to achieve, using simple technology. The aqueduct formerly carried an estimated 40, 000 m3 (8, 800, 000 imp gal) of water a day to the fountains, baths and homes of the citizens of NA?mes. It may have been in use as late as the 6th century, with some parts used for significantly longer, but a lack of maintenance after the 4th century led to clogging by mineral deposits and debris that eventually choked off the flow of water.
After the Roman Empire collapsed and the aqueduct fell into disuse, the Pont du Gard remained largely intact, due to the importance of its secondary function, as a toll bridge

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L'aqueduc de Roquefavour Featured Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) Print

L'aqueduc de Roquefavour

The aqueduct is a Roquefavour bridge - aqueduct in stone arch with a length of 393 meters and a height of 82.65 meters. Located in the town of Ventabren in the Bouches-du-RhA?ne, it is used to transport the water from the Durance to Marseille and is part of a channel called Canal de Marseille . It crosses the valley of the Arc, spanning both the river, the road to Aix-en-Provence at Berre and railway Aix-Rognac .Its construction started in 1841 and completed in 1847, was directed by the engineer of roads and bridges Franz Mayor de Montricher and William Fraisse . The architecture largely inspired by the ancient Pont du Gard, it is almost two times higher than the latter.It is still used today. Line with the TGV MA©diterranA©e passes less than a mile to the east, and also crosses the valley by a viaduct important

Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 1951. Creator: Shirley Markham Featured Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) Print

Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 1951. Creator: Shirley Markham

Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 1951. 'Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, c AD 150, built to carry water across river to the town of Nimes, which was, in fact, some distance away from the aqueduct'. The Roman aqueduct in the south of France over the River Gardon is the highest of all elevated Roman aqueducts, and one of the best preserved. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time

© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images