British Empire world map, 19th century
British Empire world map. This world map shows the 19th-century British Empire (pink) and its indigenous peoples. Five illustrations (clockwise from upper left) show the people of Australia, North America, southern Africa, Europe and Asia. Two tables (top left and top right) list the imperial possessions by area and population, with the totals being over 7 million square miles and nearly 165 million people. Some years of acquisition are also shown. This map was produced in the late 1850s by the Scottish cartographer John Bartholomew (1831-1893). Africa includes the 1856 route taken by the Scottish explorer David Livingstone.
© LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Frederick I Barbarossa Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick I Barbarossa (1122-1190), King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. Born in Swabia in southern Germany, Frederick succeeded his father as Duke in 1147. Soon after this he went on the Second Crusade and despite its failure Frederick proved himself and won the confidence of the King of Gemany, Conrad III. When Conrad died, Frederick was himself elected King. Frederick undertook expeditions into Italy and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV. Frederick spent much of his reign brokering compromises between the German monarchy and the Italian states over the power and position of the Papacy which had previously tended to end in battle. To appease the Pope, Frederick went on the Third Crusade, but he drowned whilst bathing in the Saleph River. This woodcut comes from Giovio's Elogia vivorum bellica virtute illustrium, publised at Basle in 1596.
© MIDDLE TEMPLE LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Map of Europe after the Peace of Tilsit in 1807, from 'A Short History of the
KW392529 Map of Europe after the Peace of Tilsit in 1807, from 'A Short History of the English People' by J. R. Green, published 1893 (colour litho) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland. The first was signed on 7 July, between Tsar Alexander I of Russia and Napoleon. The second was signed with Prussia on 9 July. The treaties ended the War of the Fourth Coalition at the expense of the Prussian king, who had already agreed to a truce on 25 June after the Grande ArmA©e had pursued him to the easternmost frontier of his realm, and in Tilsit ceded about half of his pre-war territories. From those territories, Napoleon had created French client states: the Kingdom of Westphalia, the Duchy of Warsaw and the Free City of Danzig; the other ceded territories were awarded to further French clients and to Russia.
); Ken Welsh; English, out of copyright
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