Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)
Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) with a fly caught in one of its leaves. Venus flytraps are carnivorous plants that capture insects in their hinged two-lobed leaves. When an insect lands in the gaping trap, touch-sensitive hairs trigger the leaf to close, trapping the insect behind a row of interlocking spines. The insect is then digested by enzymes. Its carnivorous diet provides the plant with nutrients it would not otherwise obtain from the poor soils in which it grows. The venus flytrap is native to the bogs of South and North Carolina, USA.
© Pasieka/Science Photo Library
Tyrannosaurus rex hunting
Tyrannosaurus rex hunting. Computer artwork of a Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur hunting an Ornithomimus dinosaur. T. rex was among the largest carnivorous dinosaurs. It was about 6 metres tall and weighed about 7 tonnes. T. rex lived in North America and Asia during the late Cretaceous period, between 85 and 65 million years ago. The head is heavily built and has the sharp teeth of a predator. T. rex is thought to have scavenged as well as hunted for food. The Ornithomimus dinosaur was about 6 metres long and 2 metres tall. It was an omnivore. It was fast and agile, thought to have been capable of speeds of up to 70 kilometres per hour. It lived from 76-65 million years ago.
© Mark Garlick/Science Photo Library
Neanderthal landscape, artwork
Neanderthal landscape. Artwork showing a Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis, far right behind tree) watching grey wolves (Canis lupus, foreground). In the background are other mammals of the Late Pleistocene (130, 000 to 10, 000 years ago). Woolly mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) are crossing the river. The animals on the river's near shore, from left to right, are: red deer (Cervus elaphus), horses (Equus caballus), woodland rhinoceroses (Stephanorhinus sp.) and aurochs (Bos primigenius). This scene is based on fossils found in the Iberian Peninsula, at the Butarque site.
© MAURICIO ANTON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY